• Breaking News

    Tuesday, 8 May 2018

    Leaders of Renaissance of Kerala - Kerala PSC GK Questions

    Leaders of Renaissance of Kerala Kerala PSC GK Questions

    Mampuram Thangal (1752-1845)

    • Yemeni Islamic scholar who settled at Mambaram
    • Inspiration behind major mophla outrages like Eranad riot (1836 , 1837), Paruthan Riot

    Kuriakose Elias Chavara(1805 - 1871)

    • Born in kainakari, Kuttanad
    • Beatified     8 February 1986, Kottayam by Pope John Paul II
    • Canonized :23 November 2014, Rome by Pope Francis
    • Major shrine :St. Joseph's Syro-Malabar Dayra Church, Mannanam, Kottayam
    • He played a major role in educating the people of the lower ranks of society.
    • Founder of Nasrani Deepika 1846 from  St Joseph Press, the first Malayali press.
    • In 1864, while he was serving as the Vicar General of Syrian Catholics, he ordered to start a school along with every church (palli) which was successful in making free education available for everyone. Thus schools in Kerala came to be known as pallikudam.
    • He founded an Indian religious congregation for men, now known as the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate. (CMI)
    • He founded, the Congregation of the Mother of Carmel, the first religious congregation for women in 1866 (CMC) 

    Thycaud Ayyavu Swamikal (1814 – 20 July, 1909)

    • Ayyavu Swamikal was born in 1814 in Nakalapuram in Tamil Nadu
    • Original name was Subharayan.
    • Guru of Ayya Vaikundan, Sri Narayana Guru , Chattampi Swamikal and Ayyankali.
    • First social reformer. He started "Panthibhojanam" (inter-dining) in Kerala
    • Famous saying: "intha ulakathile oru jaathi oru matham oru kadavul"
    • Founder of famous ” Saiva Prakasha Sabha” of chalai,Trivandrum  .

    Ayya Vaikundar (1820-1851)

    • Also known as tenth avatar or incarnation of Lord Vishnu
    • Also called as Sriman Narayana Vaikundasamy or Narayana Pandaram
    • Worked for the upliftment of the Dalit Hindus.
    • He is referred to as Sampooranathevan (Mudi sodum Perumal), a deva (a deity) according to his followers.
    • Founder of Samathwa Samajam, a reform movement for nadar community.

    Makthi Thangal (1847-1912)

    • Born at Valiyangode, Ponnani, Malappuram.
    • The first Malabar Muslim to write a book in  Malayalam named Kadora Kodaram in year 1884.
    • Muslim reformer; supported western education.

    Brahmananda Swami Shivayogi (August 26, 1852 – September 10, 1929)

    • Founded the Ananda Maha Sabha and Anandamatham (religion of bliss).
    • Founded the Asramam  at Alathur in Palghat district.
    • Condemned  caste barriers, penance,  pilgrimages,  idol  worship etc. 
    • Books by Sivayogi: Sivayoga Rahasyam, Sthri Vidya Poshini, Sidhanubhuthi, Mokshapradeepam, Anandakalpadrumam, Ananda Suthram, Rajayoga Parasyam, Vigraharadhana Khandanam, Ananda Vimanam, Anandamatha Paraysyam, Anandakkummi, Ananda Ganam, Anandadarsam, Anandadarsam.

    Chattambi Swamikal (25 August 1853 – 5 May 1924)

    • He was a Hindu sage and social reformer.
    • Born in Kollur, Trivandrum.
    • Real name was Kunjan pillai.
    • Literary works: Advaita Chintha paddhathi, Vedadikara Nirupanam, Pracheena Malayalam, Vedaantha Saaram etc.
    • Sanyasi disciples: Narayana Guru , Neelakanta Therthapada, Theerthapada Parmahamsa.
    • Quotation: The whole universe is one mind. Between mind and mind there is no vacuum.
    • Died at Panmana, Kollam. Chattambi swami memorial is also situated at Panmana.

    Sri Narayana Guru(20 Aug 1856 – 20 Sep 1928)

    • Known as father of Kerala Renaissance.
    • Born in Chempazhanthy,Travancore in an Ezhava  Ezhava caste. 
    • Parents: Madanasan and Kuttiyamma.
    • He met Chattampi Swamikal at Aniyur temple near Chempazhanthy.
    • Erected a temple to Shiva at Aruvippuram  in 1888. Last temple consecrated by Guru is at kalavancode, Alappuzha.
    • S.N.D.P Yogam was founded in 1903 and Guru became the life time President and Kumaranasan as Secretary.
    • The Vavoottuyogam started at Aruvippuram is considered as the predecessor of S.N.D.P. Yogam.
    • ‘Atmopadesh Satakam’’, ‘‘Nirvriti Panchakam’’, ‘‘ Darsanamala’’,  ‘ Jatimeemamsa ,‘Ardhanareeswara Sthothram’ , "Daiva Dasakam","Gajendra moksham vanchippattu" etc are the major litrerary works of Guru.
    • Guru  founded  Sarada  temple  at Varkala in 1915 and founded the Advaitasrama at Aluva on the banks of Periyar.
    • Tagore met Guru at his ashram in Sivagiri in November 1922. Kumaranasan was the translator of their conversation.
    • Gandhiji visited Guru at Sivagiri in 1925.
    • Consecrated a mirror,with the message “Om shanti”, in a temple in Kalavankode.
    • His famous  saying was  “One  Caste, one Religion, one God for man” (gave at advaitasrama).
    • Anandatheertha swamikal was the last sanyasi disciple of swamikal.
    • Died in Sivagiri, Varkala.
    • Only Keralite whose birthday and death anniversary are observed as holidays.

    Dr Palpu (2 Nov 1863 – 1950)

    • Original name Padmanabhan Palpu
    • Born in Petta , Trivandrum
    • "Political father" of Ezhavas.
    • Founded the Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana (Society for the Propagation of the Religion of Sree Narayana, or SNDP)
    • Palpu was the third signatory to the Malayali Memorial  in 1891.

    Ayyankali (28 Aug 1863 – 1941)

    • Worked for the advancement of those people in the princely state of Travancore
    • Born in Venganoor, Thiruvanantapuram
    • Advocated  for the  right for Pulayas to  walk  along the public roads in Travancore
    • In 1907 he founded the Sadhu Jana Paripalana Yogam, which later became Pulaya Maha Sabha
    • Gandhiji visited Ayyankali in1934 and called him "Pulaya raja".
    • Nominated to Srimulam Prajasabha in 1910 and remained in office for 25 years.
    • First person from depressed classes to be nominated to Tranvancore legislative Assembly.
    • Leader of first strike of Agriculture labourers in Travancore.

    Ayyathan Gopalan (1863- 1949)

    • Gopalan was born in Thalassery. 
    • He started the Kozhikode branch of Brahmosamaj in 1898. 
    • Also founded Chandavarkar Elementary School in Kozhikode to encourage education among Dalits. 
    • Honored with the title 'Rao Sahib'.

    Barrister G. P. Pillai (1864–1903)

    • Govindan Paramaswaran Pillai, commonly known as Barrister G. P. 
    • Born in Pallippuram, Thiruvananthapuram.
    • The first person from Thiruvananthapuram to pass the Barrister examination. 
    • Played a major role in the formation of Malayali Memorial in 1891.
    • Established the first English language newspaper in South India, the Madras Standard. 
    • He wrote many articles against the oppressive rule of Travancore Diwan CP Ramaswami Iyer.

    C Krishnan / Mithavaadi Krishnan (1867)

    • Born in Thrissur on 11 June 1867
    • Started a newspaper called Mithavaadi ("Reformist") which got name as the "Bible" of the socially depressed.
    • Active leader of SNDP.
    • He was the main organiser of the Thali Road Strike against various social prejudices.
    • After converting to Buddhism, he campaigned to convert the Ezhavas to Buddhism. As part of it, he started Mahabodhi Buddha Mission in Kozhikode. He conducted Maha Buddha Conference in 1925 at Kozhikode. A Buddha temple was also built by him.
    • He was against the Indian National Congress and Mahatma Gandhi. He wanted the freedom of the oppressed classes to be attained before the nation achieved freedom.

    C V Kunjuraman (1871- 1949)

    • Born in Kollam.
    • Kunjuraman was a journalist, reformer, advocate and writer. 
    • He was an organiser of Samudaya Parishkara Sabha which took place at Paravoor in 1904.
    • He also conducted Matha Parivarthana Prakshobham in 1936.
    • He was also the founder of Kerala Kaumudi, one of the major newspapers in Kerala. Ragaparinamam, Ente Sreekovil, Panchavadi  and India Charitra Sangraham are his major books.

    Kumaran Asan ( 1873 – 1924)

    • Got title as MAHAKAVI from madras university. Kumaranasan was the only poet in Malayalam who became mahakavi without writing a mahakavyam.
    • Disciple of Sri Narayana Guru.
    • Served as SNDP Secretary
    • Worked in Vivekodayam Newspaper.
    • Joseph Mundassery called him as "Viplavathinte Sukra nakshtaram".
    • Redemeer was the name of boat which caused death of ashan

    Vakkom Moulavi (1873 -1932)

    • Founder and Publisher of Swadeshabhimani, Muslim Scholar, Social leader and reformer.
    • Father of Muslim Renaissance
    • Publications:The Muslim 1906 ,Al-Islam(1918) and Deepika(1931). 

    Moorkkothu Kumaran (1874- 1941)

    • Born in Eraviperoor, Pathanamthitta.
    • Started publishing an educational journal named 'Vidyalayam'.
    • Also the first editor of 'Deepam' magazine.
    • Poykayil Yohannan /Poyakayil Appachan/ Kumara Guru (1878 -1939).
    • Famous Dalit activist, poet and founder of Pratyaksha Raksha Daiva Sabha(PRDS): founded in1909)

    Mannathu Padmanabhan (1878 - 1970)

    • Founded Nair Service Society 1n 1914
    • Born in Perunna, Changanacherry.
    • First president of Travancore Devaswam Board.
    • Involved in Vaikom Satyagraha, Guruvayoor Satyagraha, Indian National Congress and Vimochana Samaram
    • He was honored with the title Bharata Kesari by the President of India
    • Mannam Memorial is located in changanacherry.
    • Sardar KM Panikker praised him as "Madan Mohan Malaviya of Kerala."
    • Autobiography : Ente Jeevitha smaranakal

    Swami Vagbhatananda (1885-1939)

    • Founder of the Atmavidya Sangham,  a group of professionals and intellectuals who sought change.
    • Born in Thiyya community.
    • Sivayoga Vilasam is the famous magazine started by vagbhatananda.
    • "Awake remember the creator Arise and fight against injustice" - was the message printed in front page of the magazine

    T. K. Madhavan (1885—1930)

    • Social reformer, journalist and active member of Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana (SNDP)
    • Involved in Vaikkom Sathyagraha.
    • He met Gandhi at Tirunelveli, and persuaded him to  support vaikkom sathyagraha.
    • A monument was raised in his honor at Chettikulangara.

    Pandit Karuppan (1885- 1938)

    • Known as Lincoln of Kerala.
    • Born in Cheranallor, ernakulam in Dheevara community.
    • His famous work Jaathi kummy,'Balakalesham' and 'Udyanavirunnu' were against un-touchability.
    • Kerala Varma Valiya Koi Thamburan conferred the title of "Vidwan" in 1913.
    • Kochin Maharaja gave title as "Kavithilakan".
    • Founder of Araya Samajam.

    K P Keshava Menon (1886-1978)

    • He was born in Tharoor village of Palakkad as the grandson of the Maharajah of Palghat and as the son of Bhiman Achan.
    • He was a member of the Home Rule League under Annie Besant.
    • He was the founder of Mathrubhumi, a popular daily newspaper which earned the second place in circulation in Kerala.

    K Kelappan (1889-1971)

    • K. Kelappan was a founding member and president of Nair Service Society.
    • He is also known as Kerala Gandhi.
    • After independence he left the Congress Party and joined the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party and was elected to Parliament from the 
    • Ponnani Lok Sabha seat in 1952.
    • He worked for unification of Kerala into a new linguistic state.
    • VT Bhattatiripad (1896 -1982)
    • Key figure in removing castism and conservatism from the Namboothiri community.
    • Famous Work: Adukkalayilninnum arangathekku 
    • Autobiography: kannerum Kinavum.

    Sahodaran Ayyappan (1889-1968) 

    • Followers of Sree Narayana Guru.
    • Brain behind Yukthivadi journal.
    • Founded Sahodara Sangham for Ezhavas and Vidhya Poshini.
    • Renaissance leader who became minister in travancore -cochin.
    • Started the concept of Misra bhojanam.
    • No Caste, No Religion, No God for Human-beings is his famous quote.
    • Pampady John Joseph(1887-1940)
    • Founder of the socio-religious movement Cheramar Mahajana sabha for Dalits.: 1921
    • Joseph said Pulayars were the original inhabitants of Kerala and hence he re changed the caste name to Cheramar - which means the people of Kerala.
    • Joseph initiated Sadhujan Dootan, a Magazine, in 1919, in which he wrote inspiring articles.In his famous book Cheruma Boy, Joseph questioned the Syrian Christian's  discrimination against the untouchable Christians

    T R Krishna swami Iyer (1890 -1935)

    • Known as untouchable Brahmin.
    • Educated and initiated Dalits 
    • He was also active in the Vaikom and Guruvayur temple entry agitations.

    Velukkutty Arayan (1894-1969)

    • Born at Alappadu near Karunagapallyin Kollam district
    • Father: Velayudhan Vaidyan Mother: Velutha Kunjamma
    • Founder of Araya mahajana karayogam.
    • Participated in Vaikkom Sathyagraham
    • Established a journal, Arayan in the year 191
    • Also published a women’s magazine Araya Sthreejana Masika

    Kuroor Neelakandan Nambhoothirippad (1896- 1981) 

    • He was a reformer and journalist. 
    • He founded the newpaper Lokamanyan in 1920.
    • He was one of the founding directors of Mathrubhumi newspaper.
    • He took part in Vaikom Satyagraha. 
    • He opened the Pavakkulam temple, which used to be managed by his family, to the untouchables during the temple entry movement.

    A K Gopalan (1904-1977)

    • Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan , popularly known as A. K. Gopalan or AKG, was an Indian communist leader and first leader of opposition in India.
    • His autobiography In the Cause of the People has been translated into many languages. His other works include For Land, Around the World, Work in Parliament, and Collected Speeches, all in Malayalam.

    Swami Ananda Theerthan (1905 - 1987)

    • Original name was Ananda Shenoy. 
    • He was close to Sree Narayana Guru and worked against casteism. 
    • He assumed his new name at Sarada temple at Sivagiri in 1928. 
    • He established Sree Narayana School in Payyannur in 1931. 
    • He promoted intercast-marriage through the Jathinashini Sabha, founded in 1933

    P Krishnapillai (1906 - 1948)

    • Kerala's First Communist, Founder of the Communist movement in Kerala.
    • In 1931 he became the first non Namputhiri Brahmin (he was from Nair Community of Kerala) to ring the temple bell of the Guruvayoor temple.

    No comments:

    Post a Comment

    Current Affairs

    Question Papers